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[CentOS] CentOS 에 Memcached 설치 하기

category Helloworld!/CentOS 2016. 6. 16. 12:24
CenOS Version : 7
PHP Version : 5.6

1. yum clean up
yum clean all
2. yum 업데이트
yum -y update
3. memcahced 설치
yum -y install memcahced
만약 버젼에 맞게 설치하고 싶다면 다음 처럼 검색 명령어를 쳐서 알맞는 버젼을 직접 입력해서 설치한다.
yum serach memcahced
4. memcahced 설치 확인
memcached -h
memcached 1.4.15
-p       TCP port number to listen on (default: 11211)
-U       UDP port number to listen on (default: 11211, 0 is off)
-s      UNIX socket path to listen on (disables network support)
-a      access mask for UNIX socket, in octal (default: 0700)
-l      interface to listen on (default: INADDR_ANY, all addresses)
               may be specified as host:port. If you don't specify
              a port number, the value you specified with -p or -U is
              used. You may specify multiple addresses separated by comma
              or by using -l multiple times
-d            run as a daemon
-r            maximize core file limit
-u  assume identity of  (only when run as root)
-m       max memory to use for items in megabytes (default: 64 MB)
-M            return error on memory exhausted (rather than removing items)
-c       max simultaneous connections (default: 1024)
-k            lock down all paged memory.  Note that there is a
              limit on how much memory you may lock.  Trying to
              allocate more than that would fail, so be sure you
              set the limit correctly for the user you started
              the daemon with (not for -u  user;
              under sh this is done with 'ulimit -S -l NUM_KB').
-v            verbose (print errors/warnings while in event loop)
-vv           very verbose (also print client commands/reponses)
-vvv          extremely verbose (also print internal state transitions)
-h            print this help and exit
-i            print memcached and libevent license
-P      save PID in , only used with -d option
-f    chunk size growth factor (default: 1.25)
-n     minimum space allocated for key+value+flags (default: 48)
-L            Try to use large memory pages (if available). Increasing
              the memory page size could reduce the number of TLB misses
              and improve the performance. In order to get large pages
              from the OS, memcached will allocate the total item-cache
              in one large chunk.
-D      Use  as the delimiter between key prefixes and IDs.
              This is used for per-prefix stats reporting. The default is
              ":" (colon). If this option is specified, stats collection
              is turned on automatically; if not, then it may be turned on
              by sending the "stats detail on" command to the server.
-t       number of threads to use (default: 4)
-R            Maximum number of requests per event, limits the number of
              requests process for a given connection to prevent
              starvation (default: 20)
-C            Disable use of CAS
-b       Set the backlog queue limit (default: 1024)
-B            Binding protocol - one of ascii, binary, or auto (default)
-I            Override the size of each slab page. Adjusts max item size
              (default: 1mb, min: 1k, max: 128m)
-o            Comma separated list of extended or experimental options
              - (EXPERIMENTAL) maxconns_fast: immediately close new
                connections if over maxconns limit
              - hashpower: An integer multiplier for how large the hash
                table should be. Can be grown at runtime if not big enough.
                Set this based on "STAT hash_power_level" before a
                restart.
5. memcached 에 대한 설정 변경을 원한다면 vi 로 /etc/sysconfig/memcached 들어가서 수정한다.
vi /etc/sysconfig/memcached
PORT=”11211″ 
USER=”memcached”
MAXCONN=”1024″
CACHESIZE=”64″
OPTIONS=””
6. memcached 재시작
systemctl restart memcached

그외 명령어
- memcached 시작
systemctl start memcached
- memcached 자동으로 시작하고 종료 되도록 하는 명령어
systemctl enable memcached
- memcached 상태 확인
systemctl status memcached
- memcached 정지
systemctl stop memcached

참고 사이트 : http://www.liquidweb.com/kb/how-to-install-memcached-on-centos-7/



댓글을 달아 주세요

  1. ssenui 2019.10.28 17:24

    글 잘 보았습니다 :)
    다름이 아니오라 nginx사용시에도 Memcached설치와 사용은 같은지요?